WHAT'S AN "EMPANADA"?

"An Empanada is a Taste of the World." Sonia Ruiz, President of Empanada Kitchen.

An empanada is a stuffed bread or pastry. The name comes from the Spanish verb empanar, which means to wrap or coat in bread. Empanada is made by folding a dough or bread patty around the stuffing. Empanadas can be either baked or fried. In Europe, empanadas are usually large and circular in size and are cut into smaller portions for consumption, whereas in South America empanadas are normally small and semi-circular. Due to the large number of Galician immigrants in Latin America, the Empanadas have also become popular in that region. Empanadas are also known by a wide variety of regional names.


Empanadas’ World: a Taste of Empanadas Around the World

Bolivia
Bolivian Empanadas are made with beef or chicken, and usually contain potatoes, peas and carrots, as well as a hard boiled egg, an olive, or raisins. They are called salteñas and are moon-shaped pouches of dough customarily seamed along the top of the pastry. Salteñas are very juicy and generally sweeter than the Chilean variety, though there are different levels of spiciness (non sweetness). In the afternoons, fried cheese empanadas are served, sometimes brushed with sugar icing.

Brazil

In Brazil, empadas, or empadinhas are a common ready-to-go lunch item available at fast-food counters. A wide variety of different fillings and combinations are available, with the most common being chicken, palmito (heart of palm), cheese, shrimp, and beef.

The filling of empadinhas often have olives or olive pieces mixed in. Many people see this as a crucial aspect of the food, originating the expression "olive in the empadinha" for something important, desirable or beneficial. The cheese empadinha is usually open, resembling a Portuguese Pastel de Belém

Chile

Chilean empanadas can have a wide range of fillings, but there are two basic types; one is baked and usually filled with pino (similar to mincemeat), and the other is fried and usually filled with cheese. Empanada fillings usually contain cheese and/or different types of seafood, for example; mussel, crab, or locos (abalone). The most popular empanada filling is pino, consisting traditionally of beef, onions, shortening, raisins, black olives, hard boiled eggs and hot peppers. Pino is a Mapuche recipe, and in Mapudungun it is called Pinu, so this filling is a true mix of indigenous Chilean and Spanish heritage.


Colombia

Colombian empanadas can be either baked or fried. The ingredients used in the filling can vary according to the region, but it will usually contain components such as rice, beef or ground beef, shredded chicken, boiled potatoes, cheese, hard-boiled eggs, peas and peanuts in some regions. They are also served with peas, tomato, cilantro, and many other spices. In the city of Medellín, Chorizo filled empanadas can be easily found, because of the city's love of pork and chorizo meats. In the Amazonic regions of Colombia, such as the area of the city of Leticia, many sweet empanadas can be found, because of the high demand and high supply of tropical fruits of the region. Many of these empanadas are filled with some sort of jam consisting of these types of tropical fruits, such as lulo, zapote and many more which can all be found in the Amazon regions of Colombia. Colombian empanadas are usually served with Aji (also called Picante by some people), a sauce made of cilantro, green onions, red or black pepper, vinegar, salt, and lemon juice. In Colombia, empanadas can be easily found on street corners, as it is one of the most famous and popular foods in the general public, followed by Arepa, and Pandebono. Emapandas in Colombia are a favorite in most of the bigger cities, such as Cali, Bogotá, or Medellín. Nowadays, Colombian empanadas are one of the most ordered, and one of the most favorable side orders in many of the restaurants in Colombia.


Costa Rica

Costa Rican empanadas are either filled with seasoned meats (pork, beef or chicken) or cheese, beans, cubed potato stew folded and then fried. These empanadas are normally made with corn dough. There is another version made with wheat dough and is typically sweet and baked, filled with guava, pineapple, chiverre or any other jelly or dulce de leche. Another popular version are empanadas that have been made with sweet plantain dough, filled with seasoned beans and cheese, and then fried.


Cuba

Cuban empanadas are typically filled with seasoned meats (usually ground beef or chicken), folded into dough, and deep fried. Empanadas can also be made with cheese, guayaba, or a mixture of both. Cubans eat empanadas at any meal, but they usually consume them during lunch or as a snack.


Dominican Republic
Similar in their preparation (though often fried) and method of consumption to Cuban empanadas. More modern versions, promoted by some specialty food chains, include stuffing like pepperoni and cheese, conch, Danish cheese and chicken, etc. A variety also exists in which the dough is made from cassava flour, called catibías. Adobo seasoning, diced boiled eggs and raisins can be added as way to provide additional variety and enhance the flavor of the meat filling.


Ecuador

Very similar to those of their neighboring country, Colombia, Ecuadorian empanadas are made of corn seasoning or flour. Their components may include peas, potatoes, steamed meat known as carne guisada, or many other varieties of vegetables. The many types of Ecuadorian empanadas include empanadas de arroz (rice empanadas), which are deep fried for added crispiness, and flour empanadas or empanadas de verde which are empanadas made from plantain. Empanadas are also followed by aji (a type of dipping sauce for added flavor), which varies by region. The major components of "aji", or "picante", as it is also known, are cilantro, juices from red peppers (for a spicy kick), lemon, Spanish, red, or green onion, and sometimes chopped tomato. In la costa , or the shore region of Ecuador, aji may contain only onions, chopped tomatoes, and lemon juice. and fruit empanadas; with such fillings as banana, apples, and pumpkin. There is also "empanadas de morocho", morocho is a special grain produced in the country. They are also known for deep fried Empanadas made with shredded chicken, onions, olives, hard boiled eggs, and raisins then topped with sugar before serving.


El Salvador

Salvadoreños often use the term "empanadas" to mean an appetizer or dessert made of plantains stuffed with sweet cream. The plantains are then lightly fried and served warm with a sprinkle of sugar. They also sometimes include caramel and apples


Haiti
In Haiti, a meat-filled pastry similar to the empanada but with a thicker crust called a pate is regularly eaten on festive occasions. It is essentially a meat-filled turnover. The dough is often filled with ground beef, fish, or chicken and topped with spices. The dough is then sealed and baked.


Jamaica

A Jamaican patty or pattie is a pastry that contains various fillings and spices baked inside a flaky shell, often tinted golden yellow with an egg yolk mixture or turmeric. It is made like a turnover but is more savory. As its name suggests, it is commonly found in Jamaica, and is also eaten in other areas of the Caribbean, like Costa Rica's Caribbean coast but most notably that of Haiti, in which the pastry is thick and crispy essentially a turnover. It is traditionally filled with seasoned ground beef, however, fillings now include chicken, vegetables, shrimp, lobster, fish, soy, ackee, mixed vegetables or cheese. In Jamaica the patty is often eaten as a full meal especially when paired with bread. It can also be made as bite-sized portions and is then referred to as a cocktail patty.


Mexico
Mexican empanadas can be a dessert or breakfast item and tend to contain a variety of sweetened fillings; these include pumpkin, yams, sweet potato, and cream, as well as a wide variety of fruit fillings. Meat, cheese, and vegetable fillings are less common in some states, but still well-known and eaten fairly regularly. Depending on local preferences and particular recipes the dough can be based on wheat or corn. The state of Hidalgo is famous for its empanadas, or pastes, as they are locally known. These trace their origins from the Cornish pasties imported by British miners. In Chiapas, empanadas filled with chicken or cheese are popular dishes for breakfast, supper or even as snacks.


Panama

Empanadas are usually filled with ground beef but sometimes may also be filled with shredded chicken, white cheese or yellow cheese. They are made of flour or cornmeal and usually deep fried, but can also be baked. In the city of Colon, due to a heavy caribbean influence, they also fill it with a plantain puree, bake it, and call it "plantain tart". They are smaller than their counterparts elsewhere in Latin America and are considered snack, appetizer, or luncheon food.

Peru

Peruvian empanadas are similar to Argentine empanadas, but slightly smaller. They are usually baked. The most common variety contains ground beef seasoned with cumin, hard-boiled egg, onion, olives and raisin; the dough is usually sprinkled with icing sugar. They are commonly sprinkled with lime juice before eating. Also very popular are cheese-filled (or cheese-and-ham-filled) ones. Recently, "modern" empanadas, with a variety of filling have appeared, e.g.: chicken-and-mushrooms, shrimp or "aji de gallina".

In southern Peru, similar to Bolivia, you will also find "Salteñas" (Argentinian empanadas) or "Bolivianas" (very similar to Salteñas).


Philippines
Filipino empanadas usually contain ground beef or chicken meat, potato, chopped onion, and raisins (somewhat similar to the Cuban "picadillo") in a sweetish wheat flour dough. Some Filipinos are not partial to the sweetish flavour notes and prefer empanadas that are closer to the Hispanic versions. There are doughy baked versions, as well as flaky fried versions. Often, to lower costs, potatoes are added as a filler, and olives-- relatively expensive in the Philippines-- are omitted.

However, empanadas in the northern Ilocos region are very different. These empanadas are made of a savory filling of green papaya, mung beans and, upon request, chopped Ilocano sausage (Longaniza) and/or an egg yolk. Rather than the soft, sweet dough favored in the Tagalog region, the dough used to enclose the filling is thin and crisp, mostly because Ilocano empanada uses rice flour, coloured orange with achuete (annatto), and is deep-fried rather than baked.


Portugal

In Portugal, empadas are a common option for a small meal, found universally in patisseries and often being eaten while drinking coffee. They are usually about the size of a golf ball, though size and shape changes from place to place or establishment to establishment. The most common fillings are chicken, beef, tuna, codfish and, more recently, mushrooms and vegetables, though this also varies from place to place. They aren't usually served hot.


Puerto Rico
Puerto Rican cuisine has several dishes related to the empanada. The closest to those of neighboring countries is called pastelillo, and made of flour dough that is fried. They can be filled with ground beef or chicken. Also, 'empanadilla,' which is literally 'small empanada,' is the Puerto Rican word for turnover. Another dish called empanada is a beef steak or chicken breaded with crackercrumbs.


United States
Mexican empanadas are commonly eaten in the United States, especially in the Southwest. However, the Taco Bell chain serves the Caramel Apple Empanada, a dessert item that is basically an "Americanized" version of the empanada, more closely resembling an "original" (1970s-80s era) Empanada Kitchen Apple Pie than anything else. It consists of sweet dough, deep-fried and filled with a gooey apple filling.

In the southeastern United States, there is a similarly prepared dessert often referred to as "fried pies." They typically consist of a pasty filling made from re-constituted dried fruit such as apples, apricots, or peaches. The filling is placed in a dough circle, folded over in half, and then fried.


Uruguay

Uruguayan empanadas are generally made out of wheat flour and can be fried or baked. There were introduced by the Spanish and Italian settlers in the middle of the 20th century. Argentine influence over the region has enriched the national cuisine by mixing new flavors and recipes. The most common empanada is of ham and cheese, but there are also other kinds, such as those containing beef, olives, fish and spicy stuffing. The most famous sweet empanadas in Uruguay are those that combine dulce de leche, quince and chocolate covered by sugar or apple jam.

Spain

In Spain empanadas are often made from a rather thin, pliant, but resilient wheat pastry, although thicker pastry is not uncommon. The filling varies, but tuna, sardines or chorizo are used most commonly in a tomato puree, garlic and onion sauce. Spanish empanadas are fried in olive oil. In Galicia, Spain, the empanada can also be prepared similar to a pie, with cod fish or pork loin, the empanada galega (Spanish: empanada gallega). Empanada can be eaten at any time of the day.


Venezuela
Venezuelan empanadas use corn flour based dough and are deep fried. The stuffing varies according to region; most common are the cheese and ground beef empanadas. Other types use fish (small shark or "cazon", very popular), "caraotas" or black beans, oyster, clams and other types of seafood popular in the coastal areas, especially in Margarita Island.Source: Wikipedia